Preconception Care

References from the Scientific Literature 


The following are a selection of scientific articles that have been reviewed and incorporated into this preconception care program. There are many other articles that are just as relevant and will be available through our office.



The need for preconception care


Genuis SG, Genuis RA. (2016). Preconception Care: A New Standard of Care within Maternal Health Services. Biomed Researcg Internatinal. doi: 10.1155/2016/6150976 

Full text available at : https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2016/6150976/ 


Atrash, HK et al. (2006). Preconception care for improving perinatal outcomes Matern Child Health J. 10(S1):3-11.

Full text available at : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1592246/ 


Chandranipapongse, W & Koren, G. (2013). Preconception Counseling for Preventative Risks. Canadian Family Physician. 59(7):737-9

Full text available at : http://www.cfp.ca/content/59/7/737.full


Dunlop, AL, Jack, B & Frey, K. (2007). National Recommendations for Preconception Care: The Essential Role of the Family Physician. J Am Board Fam Med. 20(1):81-4.

Full text available at : http://www.jabfm.org/content/20/1/81.long


Lu, MC. (2007). Recommendations for Preconception Care. American Family Physician. 76(3):397-400.

Full text available at : http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p397.html



Areas of potential concern and intervention


Ahmed, P & Jaakkola, JJ. (2007). Exposure to organic solvents and adverse pregnancy outcomesHum Reprod. 22(10):2751-7.

Full text available at : http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=17725989


Chalupka S, Chalupka AN. (2010). The impact of environmental and occupational exposures on reproductive healthJ Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 39(1):84-100.

Chen, A et al. (2014). Prenatal Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether Exposures and Neurodevelopment in U.S. Children through 5 Years of Age: The HOME StudyEnviron Health Perspect. May 28 [Epub ahead of print]

Full text available at : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4123029/


Divan, HA et al. (2010). Cell phone use and behavioural problems in young children. J Epidemiol Community Health. 66(6):524-9. 

Abstract available at : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21138897


Genuis, SJ & Schwalfenberg, G. (2006). Time for an oil check: the role of essential omega-3 fatty acids in maternal and pediatric health. Journal of Perinatology. 1-7.

Full text available at : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16688204


Grason HA, Misra DP. (2009). Reducing exposure to environmental toxicants before birth: moving from risk perception to risk reduction. Public Health Rep. 124(5):629-41.

Full text available at : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2728655/


Gur, EB et al. (2014). Mid-pregnancy vitamin D levels and postpartum depression. ​179:110-6

Abstract available at : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24965990


Halliday-Bell, JA, Gissler, M & Jaakkola, JJ. (2009). Work as a hairdresser and cosmetologist and adverse pregnancy outcomes​Occup Med (Lond). 59(3):180-4.

Full text available at : http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/content/59/3/180.long


Khattak, S et al. (1999). Pregnancy Outcome Following Gestational Exposure to Organic Solvents. JAMA. 281(12):1106-9

Knox, EG & Gilman, EA. (1997). Hazard proximities of childhood cancers in Great Britain from 1953-80. J Epidemiol Community Health. 51(2):151-9

Full text available at : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1060437/


Koren G, Bend JR. (2010). Fish consumption in pregnancy and fetal risks of methylmercury toxicity. Can Fam Physician. 56:1001-2.

Full text available at : http://www.cfp.ca/content/56/10/1001.long


Rossingol DA, Genuis SJ & Frye, RE. (2014). Environmental toxicants and autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review. Transl Psychiatry. e360.

Full text available at : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3944636/